Preventing gum disease starts with good oral hygiene which includes regular brushing, flossing, mouthwash, and trips to the dentist.
If your oral hygiene has not been up to par, there are a number of gum disease treatments that can be effective in getting rid of the gum disease.
- Laser tooth and gum cleaning: A laser gum and tooth cleaning is painless and gets into the pockets of the gums. It may be recommended when there is extreme gum recession or low-level signs of gum disease.
- Scale and polish: Scaling and polishing gives your teeth a deep professional clean, removing tartar and plaque, and polishing away stains. It may be necessary to repeat the process more than once to achieve the desired effect.
- Root planning: Root planning gets under the gums to remove bacteria around the roots of the teeth. Anesthesia and pain management may be required.
- Periodontal surgery: When the above treatments are unsuccessful, your dentist may recommend periodontal surgery.
- Tooth removal: More serious cases of gum disease may require the removal of one or more teeth.
Acute necrotizing ulcerative gingivitis (ANUG) is a very serious form of gum disease that is often characterized by gum abscesses and infection. This requires immediate treatment by a dentist.
The following treatments may be used
- Cessation of smoking: Smoking is always going to put you at high risk of gum disease. Any level of inflammation in the gums should warrant quitting smoking right away. The problem is more urgent if there are abscesses or infection that require treatment. Talk to your doctor about support as you quit smoking.
- Mouthwash: Mouthwashes with the active ingredient chlorhexidine or hydrogen peroxide are often prescribed are often prescribed for the treatment of gum infection and abscesses.
- Antibiotics: Amoxicillin, penicillin, and metronidazole are commonly prescribed for the treatment of ANUG and other serious forms of gum disease.
- Painkillers: Abscesses, infection, and other symptoms of gum infection can hurt, and painkillers may be a part of the recovery process.